Payroll Jobs – Top 3 Payroll Positions An Established Business Needs

Payroll Jobs – Top 3 Payroll Positions An Established Business Needs

Payroll jobs require individuals who have exceptional attention to detail, numeracy skills and accuracy. Additionally, they need to have a working knowledge of all applicable laws and statutes regarding taxes, deductions, and more.

Managing and processing payroll is a complicated task. Therefore, there are a few payroll positions available for each role. Each position obviously requires specific skills, background, and qualifications.

Here are the main payroll jobs employers need to fill when they choose to hire staff:

Payroll Administrator or Payroll Clerk

payroll jobsThe payroll clerk or payroll administrator position is an entry level position in the payroll office.  They perform a wide range of basic payroll duties and are responsible for preparing the information needed to complete the payroll. Including correct wages/salaries are paid, managing employee data and ensuring accuracy of timesheets.

Strong numeracy skills and multitasking skills are necessary should you want to be a successful payroll administrator.

Payroll Coordinators

Coordinators of payroll are responsible for keeping the payroll organized. Payroll administrators/clerks report to payroll coordinators. If the company does not have a payroll administrator, then the coordinator processes the payroll.

These professionals work with other departments in the business, including HR and auditors. They are normally employed by larger corporations that have complex payroll systems.

Payroll Manager

These payroll leaders oversee the entire payroll department. They are usually responsible for the payroll team who complete different tasks associated with their role in the payroll office.

Payroll managers require managerial and accounting credentials. These payroll specialists must be well versed in the calculation of taxes and laws. They usually work with members of the accounting department.

Is It Stressful Working In Payroll?

Yes, payroll jobs are stressful. There is no sugar-coating here. Additionally, deadlines cause high stress levels.

Payroll is a critical function in any business. Particularly during the busiest times of the year. Additionally, if office managers and/or HR managers do not notify the payroll department of new employees, employees leaving or changing positions, or not filling in timesheets on time causes addon stress. However, the job is rewarding and like with any job, there are many benefits to working in payroll.

Outsource Your Payroll & Avoid The Added Stress. Contact our expert team today

Is US summit on democracy necessary?

Is US summit on democracy necessary?

By  Adhere Cavince

What you need to know:

  • It is a rushed project to re-establish a Cold War structure, this time with China as the chief antagonist.
  • The US democratisation enterprise has lately come under heavy criticism following the Afghanistan disaster.

Officials in President Joe Biden’s administration are scratching their heads regarding the planned December 2021 Summit on Democracy.

According to the White House, the Summit, part of the deliverables promised by the US leader within his first year in office, is primed to fortify the spirit of democracy around the world.

Its theme may be exciting in some quarters as numerous reports indicate that the Washington idea of democracy is in decline. Yet, this is both simplistic and antagonistic.

First, it creates a two-prism world: A country is either classified as a democracy or otherwise. This view does not appreciate the complex domestic situations in different countries, including in the US, which has lately failed to reflect the hue and character of its democratic yardstick.

In essence, it is a rushed project to re-establish a Cold War structure, this time with China as the chief antagonist. In a world of complex economic interdependence and interests, a number of US allies are growing weary of this dichotomy; creating a nightmare for the organisers.

Secondly, the US democratisation enterprise has lately come under heavy criticism following the Afghanistan disaster. For two decades, Washington tried to impose foreign values on Afghans after driving away the Taliban.

Strengthening democracy

The return to Taliban rule merely days after the announcement of the US pullout and the accompanying humanitarian disaster has sent a chilling message to allies and foes alike about the folly of military adventurism under the guise of democracy promotion. The apparent lack of consultation and coordination with its allies in Afghanistan also sucked much of the leadership dividend that Washington enjoyed within Nato.

Thirdly, consolidating its domestic democratic ideals and realities could have been a more appropriate point of call for the Biden administration. According to the 2021 Chicago Council Survey on US foreign policy, 70 per cent of Americans favour strengthening democracy at home, compared to just 44 per cent who prefer the foreign enterprise.

More importantly, the poll revealed some key focus areas such as improving public education (73 per cent ); preventing the insurrection and political violence (54 per cent ); and reducing both racial (53 per cent ) and economic (50 per cent) inequality as very important in securing US global influence.

The survey indicators are, indeed reflective prevalent views around the world. The racial discrimination remains a scourge within American society. Fixing US democracy will take much effort to ensure safety, economic viability and political inclusion of minority groups living in America.

As the leader of the sole superpower, President Biden has a right and responsibility to shape and reimagine the global role of the US. However, when US domestic character is superimposed on other countries without due consideration of the prevailing circumstances, America loses its leadership potential to continue playing a constructive major power role in the world.

Mr Cavince is an international relations expert.

Why US summit must promote global development

Why US summit must promote global development

By  Adhere Cavince

Only a dozen African countries have been invited to the December 9-10 United States-organised Summit on Democracy. The virtual event will see representatives from more than 100 countries and regions join US President Joe Biden in a mega boot camp aimed at revamping the enterprise of democracy.

By inviting less than 25 per cent of the super majority African Union member states, the Biden Administration has stepped down its partnership tempo with Africa following a promising gesture by US Secretary of State Antony Blinken after his recent three-nation maiden tour of the continent.

For decades, Africa’s relevance in US foreign policy has been confined to geopolitical considerations. During the Cold War, the US sought alliances with African leaders to keep the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) from gaining influence in the continent. After the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, Africa became America’s national security buffer zone in the internationalised war on terror.

Africa has been viewed by US leaders as a troubled space characterised by bad governance, conflict, disease and economic backwardness. That has dampened the US private sector investment spirit in Africa with foreign aid and democracy promotion becoming the major anchors of US-Africa ties. While the Biden regime has sought to rewrite the rules of engagement with Africa, the new energy should be directed at Africa’s development priorities as outlined in the continent’s socioeconomic renovation blueprint, Agenda 2063.

The African people are forging ahead with the implementation of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) development programme that seeks to transform their economic standing through trade, travel and investments.

Long-term cooperation
A US-led global summit on Covid-19 pandemic would have made more sense at this time. The global health crisis has taken an economic toll on Africa with just seven per cent of its adult population inoculated against the virus. The first climate-induced famine is under way in Madagascar and the forecast for economic recovery is tempered in much of the continent. These require urgent and sustainable partnerships and the superpower should provide leadership.

To be an effective partner for Africa, the US should define a long-term cooperation model that does not rely on which political party is in the White House. The fear that President Biden’s successor will throw away the gains he is trying to consolidate in Africa, as his predecessor Donald Trump did, makes many Africans sceptical about America’s long-term commitments to the continent.

Secondly, Africans welcome international development partners without conditions. Majority of Africans want their governments to make decisions without interference from donors and lenders. Biden’s ideas, like the Build Back Better World, can only make a positive difference in Africa’s modernisation bid if it shakes away the conditionalities tag that defines US interactions with Africa.

Thirdly, Africa is ready for tangible investments in consequential areas of energy, technology, infrastructure, human capacity building and industrial value chains that can promote inclusive trade. This will provide a sustainable path to economically empower communities and reduce poverty that still holds sway over 490 million Africans.

Fourth, the US should gracefully contend with and welcome the contribution of Africa’s other development partners. On China, for instance, 63 per cent of Africans see Beijing’s economic influence in their countries as positive, according to a recent Afrobarometer survey. Framing the US-Africa relations in terms of competition with other countries is antithetical to Africans’ expectations.

A range of opportunities exist in Africa’s development space. Its energy-deficit stands at a staggering 550 Gigawatt and at least 17 new airports are needed. The irrigation infrastructure gap hinders cultivation of 155 million hectares that could significantly boost food security. By 2040, Africa will need 60,000 kilometres of road network.

The Summit should, therefore, not just be a space for expressing temporary camaraderie against threats to democracy. The delegates should discuss modalities of delivering long-term global development programmes in Africa and other developing regions.

Adhere Cavince is a scholar of international relations. 

US summit a glass house

US summit a glass house

By Wesley Seale

As we went to the polls in South Africa, my mind was on my grandparents. Both my grandfathers died before being endowed with the right to vote.

Fortunately, both my grandmothers lived to see the day where they could participate in deciding who should govern them.

Yet many citizens across the globe continue to be denied the right to participate in elections. For example, the Brennan Centre for Justice in the US reports that more than 11% of Americans, or 21 million eligible voters, do not have government-issued photo identification and are therefore disqualified from voting.

Thirty-six states in the US, that is, the majority, have forced their citizens to obtain these government-issued IDs and often, as the centre explains, people cannot obtain these IDs because of underlying costs.

Needless to mention, frequently the people who lack these IDs or who are discriminated against when receiving them, are minorities. Estimates by the centre suggest that nearly a quarter of African-Americans do not have these IDs, compared with only 8% of white citizens.
At the same time, the millions of residents in the US territories of Guam, the Virgin Islands, the Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa as well as Puerto Rico are barred, according to the US electoral college system, from voting in general elections.

While US elections always happen on a Tuesday, these are not declared public holidays and therefore workers often do not get the chance to vote. Taking this into account, it is strange that the US could criticise China for the so-called “continued erosion of human rights and fundamental freedoms, including in political participation, in Hong Kong”.

The unexpected October 21 statement continues on the trajectory of US efforts to destabilise Hong Kong. It criticises Hong Kong law for allegedly disqualifying “scores of pro-democracy councillors”, as if there are councillors who are not pro-democracy in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

Even more so, the Biden administration plans a “Summit for Democracy” where it hopes to lecture the world in order to defend America’s democratic values which, according to the US government, are inseparable from advancing US national interests.

The December 9 to 10 summit will not look necessarily at the challenges faced by the US and its democracy, which is clearly in jeopardy, but rather seeks to point fingers at other countries and undermine domestic democratic processes there.

Reports suggest that while most SADC countries have been invited to the summit, Zimbabwe, eSwatini and Tanzania have been left out. US Foreign Affairs officials refuse to comment on how each country was selected for invitation to the summit. We can only read a divide and rule strategy being implemented by the US.

The US would do well to pay attention to fixing its own political system before attempting to lecture the rest of the world about democracy. As the saying goes, those who live in glass houses should not throw stones. The US governance system has been glaringly exposed by Trumpism and the January 6 uprising.

As South Africans were going to the polls on November 1, some Americans were recalling the 256th anniversary of the passing of the Stamp Act against the American Colonies in the British parliament in 1765. This tax led to the American Revolution and the independence of the colonies.

Just as the Americans were not satisfied with being colonies, they must know that the people of the world, especially the global south, will not tolerate their continuous interference in our domestic issues. Like them, we will rise and reject American imperialism as they, and my grandparents, rejected British colonialism.

Comment sauver le Sommet pour la démocratie

Comment sauver le Sommet pour la démocratie

By RĂ©daction Kinshasa

Une conférence qui ignorerait les différents modÚles de démocratie et exclurait les pays désireux de coopérer serait un pas en arriÚre.

Le « Sommet pour la dĂ©mocratie » virtuel se tiendra les 9 et 10 dĂ©cembre, avec un sommet en personne qui suivra dans environ un an. Le Sommet, promu par le gouvernement amĂ©ricain, vise Ă  galvaniser trois thĂšmes majeurs : la lutte contre l’autoritarisme, la lutte contre la corruption et le respect des droits humains. Et il fournira une plate-forme aux dirigeants pour prendre des engagements Ă  la fois individuels et collectifs pour dĂ©fendre la dĂ©mocratie et les droits de l’homme dans le pays et Ă  l’étranger.

Les pays du monde entier sont confrontĂ©s Ă  une liste de dĂ©fis qui se sont Ă©tendus bien au-delĂ  des trois thĂšmes du Sommet. Cela inclut les inĂ©galitĂ©s, la participation civique, la dĂ©sinformation, la protection des systĂšmes Ă©lectoraux, le financement illicite, les technologies Ă©mergentes, les grandes entreprises et le populisme transnational. En outre, le sommet des pays partageant les mĂȘmes idĂ©es lancerait un appel Ă  l’action pour la formation d’une nouvelle alliance fondĂ©e sur des principes et un engagement Ă  Ă©tablir une vision commune pour l’avenir d’Internet.

Mais le Sommet pourrait s’avĂ©rer ĂȘtre une autre bonne idĂ©e mal exĂ©cutĂ©e. Une autre confĂ©rence pour la rhĂ©torique de la dĂ©mocratie dĂ©nuĂ©e de sens serait un pas en arriĂšre. À l’autre extrĂ©mitĂ© du spectre, une « Alliance des dĂ©mocraties » rigide pourrait exclure de maniĂšre contre-productive des pays qui ne s’inscrivent pas dans un modĂšle de dĂ©mocratie prĂ©conçu.

Il n’y a pas de modĂšle standard unique de sociĂ©tĂ©, de systĂšme Ă©conomique et encore moins de dĂ©mocratie. Mais comme une construction historique basĂ©e sur les conditions, les circonstances et les caractĂ©ristiques de chaque peuple et nation. Le monopole de la dĂ©finition de la dĂ©mocratie au profit de certains pays et l’incitation Ă  la confrontation idĂ©ologique sur la ligne de « dĂ©mocratie contre l’autoritarisme » est Ă  l’opposĂ© de la dĂ©mocratie et contre-productif pour promouvoir la coopĂ©ration internationale si nĂ©cessaire en pĂ©riode de crise climatique, d’augmentation du niveau d’inĂ©galitĂ©, la pandĂ©mie de Covid-19 et l’accĂšs inĂ©gal aux vaccins entre pays en dĂ©veloppement et pays dĂ©veloppĂ©s.

La protection de la dĂ©mocratie nĂ©cessite plus qu’une simple rĂ©forme nationale ou la dĂ©monstration que, comme le prĂ©sident des États-Unis, Joe Biden, aime Ă  le dire, « que la dĂ©mocratie peut toujours ĂȘtre efficace ». Cela nĂ©cessite une coopĂ©ration accrue entre les pays dotĂ©s de diffĂ©rentes structures de gouvernance politique autour de la planĂšte.

Le Sommet lui-mĂȘme devrait ĂȘtre considĂ©rĂ© comme le dĂ©but d’un processus de candidature plutĂŽt que comme constituant d’un nouveau groupe. La variĂ©tĂ© et la richesse des dĂ©mocraties dans le monde – qui fondent toutes leur lĂ©gitimitĂ© – crĂ©ent une opportunitĂ© qui peut ĂȘtre exploitĂ©e.

Le Sommet devrait donner le ton avec une rĂ©flexion introspective sur la dĂ©mocratie amĂ©ricaine et sur les domaines d’une Ă©ventuelle coopĂ©ration internationale. Cela encouragerait les autres Ă  emboĂźter le pas. Tout pays qui refuserait d’admettre des problĂšmes semblerait absurde et s’exclurait des avantages de l’adhĂ©sion.

Democracy is not an exclusive practice of one country

Democracy is not an exclusive practice of one country

By Allawi Ssemanda

US president Joe Biden is set to host a virtual democracy summit from December 9 to 10. Over 110 leaders from different parts of the world have been invited to attend the summit. In Africa, 17 countries have been invited to attend.

Uganda is not on the list of the 17 countries invited which has prompted discussion on social media with some claiming Uganda was left out because of alleged anti-democracy practices.

On April 16, 2021, U.S secretary of State Anthony Blinken issued a statement saying it was imposing visa restrictions on “those believed to be responsible for, or complicit in, undermining the democratic process in Uganda.”

While it’s right for governments to criticise undemocratic practices, the U.S is not a good ambassador to be lecturing the world about democracy. While they accuse some African countries of undermining democratic practices, facts on the ground show that Washington continuously practices the same.

Despite praising self as the “city upon a hill,” scenes characterizing developing countries during elections are the same we see during U.S presidential elections. For example, money is said to have played a major role during the 2020 U.S presidential elections. Congressional and presidential campaigns saw nearly 14 billion U.S dollars, more than double of what was spent in 2016! Also, undisclosed campaign contributions and dark money increased during the 2020 polls increased.

According to the Brennan Centre for Justice at New York University, dark money groups poured in 2020 U.S elections over 750 million dollars. Such practices monetize elections which has been cited as a major setback affecting democracy in Africa.

Gallup poll released on October 8, 2020, showed that Americans’ trust in elections had reduced with only 19% of respondents saying were “very confident” about the accuracy of their presidential elections. Wall Street Journal of November 9, 2020 commentary noted that the 2020 U.S elections were a culmination of two decades of decline in Americans’ trust in the basics of building blocks for a vibrant democracy.

Arguably, it is not a surprise that November 3, 2020 polls were disputed which culminated into an open attack on the so-called beacon of democracy (capitol building attack) on 6th January 2021. German President, Frank-Walter Steinmeier responded by saying that ‘The scenes (the U.S. Capitol building violence) we have seen are the result of lies and more lies, of division and contempt for democracy, of hatred and rabble-rousing — even from the very highest levels.’

All the above shows that democracy is not a preserve of the U. S and therefore, claiming to be champions of democracy and branding those they don’t agree with as authoritarians and “rogue regimes” as they normally do is not just hypocrisy but also insulting international intelligence.

However, this should not be interpreted that I am blind to tell the difference between liberal democracy and authoritarian regimes, I of course do and if asked, yes, I have a strong preference!

On human rights which the U.S and some other countries base to attack others branding them abusers of human rights, the U.S still is not the best to lecture the world on human rights or equality.

We have all witnessed acts of racism in the West and some analysts argue it is systematic. In his statement on the death of George Floyd, who died after a white police officer knelt on his neck for more than nine minutes, President Barack Obama lamented that “Remember that for millions of Americans, being treated differently on account of the race is tragically, painfully, maddeningly ‘normal.’”

In June 2020, Michelle Bachelet, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights twice addressed the media stressing that protests which were triggered by the death of Floyd painted not just police brutality against people of colour but also raised issues of inequality and racial discrimination in the U.S’ education, health and employment sectors.

While President Biden’s democracy summit is a good initiative, one can argue that the U.S should not segregate on who attends it. Even those who they think are not democratic “enough” should not be left out. It is such summits where people meet, listen to each other, and maybe learn from each other. Possibly, the world’s biggest population – China should have been invited to share how the world should make progress towards a “functioning real democracy.” For example, while arguing that democracy is a shared value of all human beings, China proposed developing a whole-process people’s democracy. Should the world not hear how they think this will better the world and the “real” democratisation process?

We ought to know that democracy is not an exclusive practice of one country. Rather, it should be about the people ruling and the ruled in a given country. With skyrocketing monetization of politics as a study by Brennan Centre for Justice at New York University observed, like in many undemocratic countries, the 2020 U.S polls were largely influenced by money a practice that arguably makes democracy a commodity since money can influence voter’s choice.

The writer is a Research Fellow at Development Watch Centre, a Foreign Policy Think Tank, and author of Why Africa Deserves a Permanent Seat at United Nations Security Council

Quest for democracy and social equality, a mirage or reality?

Quest for democracy and social equality, a mirage or reality?

The United States President Joseph Biden is set to convene a virtual group of over 100 world leaders in early December for the first-ever ‘Summit for Democracy’. The summit comes at a time when democracy in the States has undergone a litmus test in recent times.

Among this is the ‘Black Lives Matter’ movement that was occasioned by the murder of George Floyd in May last year, the African American was murdered during police enforcement. This tragedy was filmed by pedestrians, spread on social networks and subsequently triggered a round of protests across the world.

democracyThe incident and the aftermath of the recent US election where former president Donald Trump disputed the results with unverified accusations of election fraud, produced a strong response in American politics and social life, allowing us to understand the political and economic plight of contemporary American society.

It is not surprising therefore that the US was for the first time listed as a “backsliding democracy” in an annual report on the state of global democracy from the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, a Stockholm-based organization. International IDEA’s report, which looked at trends across 2020 to 2021, said that the US ‘fell victim to authoritarian tendencies’.

Law enforcement is a mirror of any democracy. With some law enforcement actions coming under close scrutiny and considered excessive by many human rights movement organizations in the United States, the same is mirrored in our Kenyan context. While in America such criticism stems from the application of the law based on race with perceived hardline on blacks, application of the law is seen based on one’s economic status here at home.

The said challenges that have faced the United States – largely seen as the model democracy present learning ground for young democracies like Kenya. They send a strong message that even with the adoption of perceived modern self-governing practices, the so called democracy is a process rather than a destination.

Much remains to be done therefore in transforming public perception on the application of the law towards making the quest for justice a service available to the majority while firm on the minority who opt to go against stipulated laws.

Commendably, the status of Africa’s democratic process is not all gloom. In its report, the International IDEA’s report noted that in most African countries, regular elections have paved the way for peaceful transfer of power and amidst the pandemic, election management bodies (EMBs) adapted to the rising health and safety challenges, showing resiliency and flexibility while ensuring that most national and/or subnational scheduled elections remained on course.

Some signs of democracy are emerging in Africa with several elections setting the pace for peaceful transfer of power. Zambia where opposition leader Hakainde Hichilema defeated incumbent Edgar Lungu in the presidential election is a classic example, Ghana is also a good case where the long term opposition leader is now the president after beating the ruling party. In Malawi the Supreme Court cancelled the election results and declared the opposition leader the winner.

The ground is now shifting which explains why many here were surprised by the storming of the US Capitol building in January and former President Donald Trump questioning the legitimacy of the 2020 election results in the United States without substantiating his allegations. This was followed by a series of deliberate efforts to misinform the public while undermining fundamental trust in the electoral process. Such actions caught many by surprise and soiled the image of the United States as we know it.

Kenya has one of the most progressive constitutions in Africa but implementation remains elusive. The culture of electoral violence and win at any cost is still firmly entrenched in our politics. The role of state supporting one side is also a threat. Our electoral laws need reforms to limit the use of money to buy votes and make cash handouts illegal. But besides all these, with the prevailing economic challenges exacerbated by the pandemic in the country makes it difficult to have smooth and just election outcomes.

The writer is Dr. John Musingi,
Senior Lecturer – Resource use conflicts,
University of Nairobi.

America’s democracy and its deficits of substance

America’s democracy and its deficits of substance

By Charles Onunaiju

NEXT month, between December 10 and 11, the United States presidency intends to convene what it called “leader’s summit for democracy.” According to a statement on the summit, which will hold virtually, President Joe Biden will use the platform “to rebuild our alliances with our democratic partners and allies, rallying the world to stand up against human rights abuses
”

It is only hoped that the platform would be one of mutual learning and experience-sharing and not of hectoring, lecturing and posturing. However, the narrow framework of the meeting, down to “our democratic partners and allies”, already foreclosed an inclusive and broadly participatory process, and which by itself, is an indictment on the democratic credentials of the organisers.

However, the following brief discourse is an uninvited memo to the platform. Broad human aspirations for peace, security, sustainable development, and even prosperity is absolutely no doubt, universal and pointedly connects to the enduring collective human yearnings for happiness and better life.

However, the mechanisms, organisations and processes to attain them must give due diligence and context to specific circumstances, historical conditions, and other factors that shape the social outlook of a given people and also give proper effect to the conditions of their developmental stage.

Without adequate understanding of the historical process which poses the question of the existential reality and its challenges in the way, it actually exists and unfolds, gaining substantive leverage over the process and drive transformative agenda that opens the path of sustainable and inclusive development would be deprived of the refreshing tonic of historical far sight and foresight.

In the real and practical sense, democracy which is the broad spectrum of people-centered political organisation and process, must find context out of its generalised concept to the specific nature of the different challenges, circumstances, and reality in which a given people find nurture their respective experiences.

Without this concrete expression in a particular context, democracy in the developing nations and Africa in particular would function as mere rhetorical flourish or at best, a philosophical abstraction, irrelevant to the routine strivings of the majority of the people.

A well-known anti-colonial fighter and one of Africa’s foremost thinker and theoretician Amilcar Cabral said that the mass of the people do not fight and make sacrifices in anti-colonial struggles and national construction efforts for the ideas that exist in any one’s head, no matter how lofty but rather to bring concrete material improvements in the quality of their lives.

Democracy is served best when it engages and resolves practical questions regarding the improvement in the quality of lives of the people. It is even consolidated on a firmer ground if it delivers the human security and guarantees better life which poverty and extreme material deprivations are the greatest threats.

In contemporary times, the debate about democracy, especially in the West focuses on procedures and rules, with very little about the people, which is the real substance of democracy. In the new context of re-emerging cold war thinking and outlook in the West, democracy has fallen victim again as mere ideological tool to further the purpose of hegemonic and power politics.

Democracy which should serve to attend to human’s existential needs in a specific historical context and national condition is being abstractly generalised as a set of rules to be imposed by Western powers superintended and by a self-select few who ascribed to themselves the monopoly of wisdom to define its templates and enforce complaints on others by the tumultuous and dangerous mechanism of regime change.”

It is no gain saying that while the high tempo of human aspirations is universal, the democratic temperament of procuring and processing its feasibility is local and it is in the local application of the democratic process that its results are best maximised and its effects on people made more tangible and practical.

However, it is not difficult to understand that America would hardly see the platform of this type as mutual learning and experience sharing process which will feed into various efforts by different nations to nurture and consolidate their democratic practices against the background of their respective unique national conditions and histories.

Already designed as framework for rebuilding alliances, the Washington’s organised summit on democracy will be little more than regurgitation of cold war political alliances that defined the world between “US and them”.

Democracy and its implications for mutual learning and experience-sharing cannot be discriminatory but would rather integrate the experiences of all countries with different outlooks as a totality of collective human heritage and put them on offer for objective and honest interrogations. Designating some values as democratic and others as authoritarian can hardly fit into any serious definition of democratic temperament and ethos.

The United States, whose democratic practices are hardly measurable to its professed democratic values nonetheless deliberately, weaponises its ideals as foreign policy instrument to project and secure its national interest. From what the U.S preaches to the world about the sanctity of “one person, one vote,” its electoral college system, by which the votes of few electoral college delegates trumps over the majority votes of electors is nothing short of abrasive and rude affront to majoritarian electoral democracy that the American establishment unabashedly dictates to the rest of the world.

Because, America’s democracy is basically, a transactional system, in which majority of Americans have very little leverage over legislation and policy outcomes, crucial issues including such life and death issues as gun violence, are left to the antics of vicious special interest groups who mobilise and pay for huge campaign expenses and dictate policy choices according to their special interests with ordinary American watching helplessly.

Despite the surge in gun violence and the usual national grief and outcry that follow each incident of deadly gun violence, politicians and government can hardly reach a consensus on modest gun control measures that can address the perennial and vicious circle of gun violence. If any democracy does not address issues that are of concerns to the majority of its people, how then does it conform to the practice of democracy and in tandem with its values and ideals?

Despite the glamour that has been politically festered on America’s democratic ideals, the substantive practice of democracy in the U.S has revealed not only inbuilt exclusion of minorities, especially of blacks, Latinos and Asians but outright hostility to them. With the economic conditions of white middle-class Americans becoming more precarious, race, its conflicts and hostilities are re-emerging as the new frontier of America’s political battles. Broad and inclusive democratic practice can narrow the gap and blunt the sharp edges of racial tensions, but since American democracy is not broadly inclusive enough, it is yet to be enriched by the beauty of the different colours of its own people.

The U.S democracy remained fundamentally challenged by inclusive social process in which the fruits of its high scientific and technological achievements can translate to broadly shared prosperity. Like the presidential aspirant of the Democratic Party, Senator Bernie Sanders always said, the situation where the national wealth is owned by less than one percent of the American population is not acceptable.

From the outlines of U.S summit on democracy, which Africa is expected to participate, issues most critical to the region especially building the necessary framework for sustainable and inclusive development would be conspicuously missing. No meaningful construction of democracy in Africa would be possible without taking issues of extreme poverty into account and how best to raise people from extreme material deprivations.

The way to enable millions of Africans overcome poverty through massive investment in infrastructures like efficient transportation network featuring sea and air ports, railways and highways. Additionally, power and low carbon or clean energy is a basis on which Africa social stability and democracy can thrive and survive. Unfortunately such key issues that are strategic to securing in democracy in Africa does not feature in U.S engagement with the continent.

China, however, mainstreams these core and fundamental issues in her cooperation with Africa and both in the two main mechanism of engagement with Africa, the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation, FOCAC, and Belt and Road framework of International Cooperation, BRI.

These critical and enabling infrastructure needs for Africa’s sustainable and inclusive development has been the driving force. China’s support for democracy and social stability in Africa is practical, tangible and solution-driven while Washington pays lip service to the challenge of consolidating and enhancing democracy in Africa.

Democracy beyond abstractions needs tangible and practical measures to establish and consequently internalise and diffuse its values to the broadest section of the population.

Without establishing the existential material basis for it to survive and thrive, democracy would not only remain hollow but would be divorced from the real challenges and concerns of the broadcast section of the human community. A democracy must resolve the great question of social equity and inclusion.

America’s democracy despite its political glamour, struggles to contend with numerous substantive issues, germane to Americans and obviously need to improve itself. Despite this, the American establishment does very little at home to renovate and innovate its democratic practice but  rather engages in worldwide political subterfuge, plying democratic rhetoric as mere weapon of foreign policy.

The existential reminder that America’s democracy needs urgent structural reinvention and reforms, was the fascist’s audacity to grab power last January by the daring invasion of the capitol, that houses the U.S legislative chambers and this shows that colourful rhetoric is no substitute to profound soul search.

 

Why You Should Use Professional Accounting Services for Your Small Business

Why You Should Use Professional Accounting Services for Your Small Business

Numerous entrepreneurs favor doing their own accounting, figuring they can set aside cash and have great command over their business’ monetary viewpoints simultaneously. While essential accounting might appear generally simple to do, there are many justifications for why entrepreneurs are in an ideal situation connecting with the administrations of accounting and accounting firms. Here are the main advantages business proprietors can acquire from picking professional accounting administrations for their independent companies:

1. Trying not to account botches that sway your main concern

When beginning your private company, it may require a significant stretch of time to comprehend and get comfortable with the principles and enactment in regards to accounting and duty in South Africa. This is the reason it is consistently a smart thought to look for professional accounting guidance from the beginning. Errors like misclassifying costs, not keeping a decent record of receipts or not accommodating your books with your bank explanations can cost your business fundamentally before the finish of the monetary year, and it would all be able to be stayed away from with the assistance of an accountant.

Accounting professionals can assist you with setting aside both time and cash by keeping exact and steady records of your costs and exchanges, accurately contributing and monitoring all solicitations and bills in reasonable accounting programming, prompting on deductible expenses and cost claims accessible to independent ventures and keeping a clean documentation of your accounting archives.

2. Opportune and proficient accounting and legal records

Keeping opportune, exact accounting records for your private company isn’t just obligatory however makes a sound business work on, permitting any proprietor to have perceivability over their business’ benefit and money. Having your records refreshed on a month to month or quarterly premise is the most effective way to accomplish this sort of perceivability and keeps generally your desk work neat and tidy, before it transforms into an accounting bad dream.

This is the place where utilizing professional accounting administrations ends up being amazingly significant, as they guarantee your business’ accounting is done productively and on time. Most independent company accounting experts will help you in gathering all your business’ accounting records consistently and straightaway produce the yearly legal records, including estimations of your enterprise charge responsibility, toward the finish of the monetary year. This convenient accounting method will permit you to proficiently design the following year’s spending plan and capital estimates.

3. Saving valuable time that you can use to zero in on your center business

Done appropriately, accounting can be a serious tedious movement. It represents up to 20% of the functioning hours on account of an entrepreneur, and this rate can go up in the event that you think about other related assignments, for example, documenting assessment forms and finance.

Getting the administrations of accounting companies has the advantage of mitigating entrepreneurs of this fairly diverting administrator work, permitting them to invest more energy on developing their business tasks, meeting more customers or advertising their business. In any event, when accounting records are kept in-house, private venture accounting companies regularly offer significant help by giving formats that help business proprietors put together their everyday finances, admittance to smoothed out web-based records entrances and accounting guidance progressively.

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4. Drawing business guidance from your legal records

Be that as it may, possibly the main justification for why you should employ outside accounting administrations for your independent company is the abundance of monetary skill and business counsel you will approach.

Top accounting companies give something other than accounting and administrator support for keeping your desk work all tidied up. Accounting experts can assist you with understanding the distinction between income and benefits and how to peruse your legal records such that assists you with bettering set up your private venture for future development; they can intently screen key markers in your business’ monetary action, for example, exchange indebted individuals, exchange leasers, installments and income, and encourage on the best methodologies to get the monetary wellbeing of your independent company on the medium and long haul.

What Is Information Technology (IT)?

What Is Information Technology (IT)?

Rigorously speaking, Information Technology (IT) has been affecting society for millennia. Smoke flags, the math device, writing, paper, pens and the print machine were all once thought to be the front line of IT in light of the fact that those advancements were the best in class in correspondence.

In any case, today it is broadly acknowledged that the bleeding edge of IT lies in digital correspondences. Likewise, with all recorded Information Technology improvements, digital correspondence technology is progressive as far as society, business, guard and culture.

In any case, what is it about digital interchanges that separates it from any remaining past innovative advances? What is the job that cloud erp hosted solutions can play in current culture?

Right off the bat, IT goes about as a facilitator. It is a medium that permits huge volumes of information to be put away, handled or moved at lightning speed. This implies that there is more information close by to decide, keep up with connections, monitor advertises or follow developments.

The force of this thought ought not be belittled, it permits individuals to settle on choices dependent on masses of cutting-edge information. The military, instructive institutions and enormous business have since a long time ago comprehended the force of this idea yet it has just been over the most recent ten years that standard society has additionally accepted the force of information for both social developments and independent company.

Furthermore, Information Technology is an empowering influence. Just a select minority of specific organizations on the planet can guarantee that IT is their business. Most enterprises and institutions use Information Technology to empower capacities that drive their center business. This might incorporate better correspondence between staff, providers or clients or it might incorporate better resource the executives. Whatever the capacity, digital correspondence makes the capacity, handling or move of information more effective than any time in recent memory. Yet, it is critical to take note of that basically it doesn’t change center businesses, beliefs, morals or developments. It simply empowers them to work at a more noteworthy scale significantly more proficiently.

In conclusion, Information Technology expects the job of caretaker. As information and information is amassed on pretty much any subject you want to envision, enormous stores of information are arising prepared to support any new demands. What’s more, in that lies the security oddity that advanced Information Technology presents. One can contend that more accessible information makes our lives more productive, more secure and more extravagant. While the other contention is that exactly the same information that gives these benefits is additionally our achilles recuperate because of the security ramifications of unapproved invasion.

There is little uncertainty that the job of information technology is coordinated and obliged by the very technology that characterizes it. Today, that technology permits us to gather, control and impart masses of information. As an outcome, its job rotates around working on the productivity, capacity, speed or exactness of any components that can benefit from the capacities that cutting edge Information Technology frameworks give.

The job of Information Technology in Business is frequently a misjudged. Critical issues like business continuity and catastrophe recuperation ought to be explored by business consistently.

Hire IT Professionals

In case you are searching for a solid, proficient, and reasonable IT accomplice for your business, look no further! Sybaweb is a main South African IT organization work in cyber security, managed IT services, cloud solutions, cloud ERP hosted solutions, and then some!